In the green heart of Umbria, among the reeds and the enchanting white water lily, lies the Trasimeno lake, a real natural paradise where wild ducks, cormorants, the kite, the kingfisher are crowded. Beyond the flat slope, there are gentle hills with woods alternating with fields of sunflowers and corn, vineyards and expanses of olive trees.
Here agriculture is very practiced and in a traditional way. There are several municipalities in the Trasimeno area: some overlook the lake, others are not very far from the charm and attraction of this stretch of water.
Castiglione del Lago, for example, stands on a promontory of calcareous rock, under which there are the remains of numerous Etruscan tombs; here you can admire the castle and the medieval walls of the Palazzo Ducale, connected by a local walkway to the Rocca del Leone, one of the most important examples of Umbrian military architecture.
In Città della Pieve, a silent and characteristic medieval village, also inhabited by the Etruscans and the Romans, there is the narrowest alley in Italy. Birthplace of the painter Pietro Vannucci, known as Il Perugino, this town hosts several works by the artist, from the Madonna with Child, housed in the Cathedral of Saints Gervasio and Protasio, to the wonderful fresco The Adoration of the Magi, at Palazzo della Corgna, magnificent dwelling stately.
Also in the small Panicale, not far from Città della Pieve, you can admire two frescoes by Perugino, the Martyrdom of San Sebastiano and the Madonna in Gloria, housed in the fifteenth-century Church of S. Sebastiano. From the medieval village of Passignano, where there is the fourteenth-century Torre di Ponente, you can reach by boat the Isola Maggiore, still inhabited.
In this magnificent place where the fifteenth-century fishing village is still preserved, there are also the Romanesque church of San Salvatore from the 12th century, that of San Michele Arcangelo from the 14th century and the Villa Isabella dei Marchesi Guglielmi.
Maggiore is also reachable from Tuoro sul Trasimeno, an ancient Etruscan city, known for the decisive phases of the battle between Hannibal and Caio Flaminio, and the Renaissance Capra palace stands on the tomb of the Roman commander.
The largest island of the lake (there are three) is however that of Polvese, uninhabited and intended for public park, here you can admire the Monastery of S.Secondo, the Church of S.Giuliano and a castle of the fourteenth century. , recently renovated.
About ten kilometers from Passignano, instead, is the small village of Castel Rigone, where one of the main architectural masterpieces of the Umbrian Renaissance is preserved: the sanctuary of Maria Santissima dei Miracoli.
Not far away is Magione, a village dominated by the majestic Castle of the Knights of Malta and renowned for the production of beaten copper, worked cantilevered.